この or これ (kono or kore), and using ‘na’ adjectives

The words kono and kore are both words used for ‘this’. So how do you know when to use which? This should help you not get confused, it’s quite simple!

Use ‘kono’ ONLY when used directly BEFORE a noun.
Eg: This dog = Kono inu (この 犬).  This town = Kono machi (この町).

In all other cases, use ‘kore’.
Eg. This is a dog = Kore wa inu desu (これは犬です).  I won’t eat this = Kore wo tabemasen (これを食べません).

Using ‘na’ adjectives:
This type of adjective is used differently than ‘i’ adjectives. When a ‘na’ adjective is used directly before a noun, you have to add ‘na’ (な) in between. The ‘na’ connects the adjective to the noun. However if the adjective comes after the noun it remains the same. ‘i’ adjective stay the same either way.

‘na’ adjective + な + noun …
noun + ‘na’ adjective + です

Examples:
1) The room is quite = heya wa shizuka desu (へやはしずかです).
noun + ‘na’ adjective + です

2) It is a quite room = shizuka na heya desu (しずかなへやです).
‘na’ adjective + な + noun + です

NOTE: Japanese dictionaries will tell you whether an adjective is ‘na’ or ‘i’ type.

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2 thoughts on “この or これ (kono or kore), and using ‘na’ adjectives

  1. Pingback: Japanese Adjectives Basics List – Describe Your World! | Know Your World

  2. Pingback: Adjective Conjugation – Past and Negative (~かった、~くない、~くなかった、etc.) | Know Your World

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